According to the American Diabetes Association, 30.3 million people in the U.S. are living with diabetes. Dupont Hospital's specially trained staff offer life-changing care and guide patients to a healthier way of life.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas. Insulin is needed to turn glucose (sugar) and other food into energy. Sugar buildup in the bloodstream can damage the body's organs. Common symptoms include:
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Excessive thirst
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body's insulin-producing cells are destroyed. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but is typically diagnosed in children and young adults.
Type 2 diabetes accounts for the most diagnosed diabetes cases. Type 2 diabetes is commonly associated with:
- Physical inactivity
- Family history of diabetes
- History of gestational diabetes
- Race and ethnicity
Gestational diabetes affects approximately 9 percent of all pregnant women. Women who had gestational diabetes have a 35 to 60 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 10 to 20 years after pregnancy. Their children are also at a higher risk for diabetes.